Adverse health teen dating violence
Despite the strengths of the Exner-Cortens’ study (longitudinal design, large sample affording a separate assessment of how violence types impacted health outcomes) , the violence assessment was limited.
Namely, violence victimization was assessed using five questions (called names/insulted; sworn at; threatened with violence; pushed/shoved; and had something thrown that could hurt).
The American Academy of Pediatrics is an organization of 60,000 primary care pediatricians, pediatric medical subspecialists and pediatric surgical specialists dedicated to the health, safety and well-being of infants, children, adolescents and young adults. The assessment did not cover the range of violence types (physical, sexual, and non-physical abuse) recommended for assessment by the U. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [18–20], including violence types relevant to today’s adolescents, such as harassment/stalking via text messaging, email, and social media [21, 22].Studies of adults have more extensively parsed health effects by specific types of violence experienced in intimate relationships, including a consideration of the different violence types (physical, sexual, and non-physical abuse) recommended for assessment by the U. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [18–20].Approximately 36 percent of males and 44 to 88 percent of females experience dating violence victimization across the adolescent/young adult period [1, 2].
Among females, studies have shown an association between having a history of physical and/or sexual dating violence victimization and poor health during adolescence—including depression [3–5]; anxiety and stress symptoms ; suicide ideation and/or attempts [5, 7–11]; smoking, alcohol and drug use [3, 5, 8, 10]; disordered eating (e.g., using laxatives and/or vomiting to lose weight) [8, 10, 11]; contracting a sexually transmitted disease [12, 13]; having multiple sex partners ; pregnancy [8, 14]; and diminished quality of life .
For females, more pronounced adverse health was observed for those exposed to physical/sexual versus non-physical dating violence.