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Any person who willfully attempts to commit any of the offenses enumerated in this Act shall be held liable.
ROXAS II, SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT, RESPONDENTS.; G. - Any person who willfully abets or aids in the commission of any of the offenses enumerated in this Act shall be held liable.(b) Attempt in the Commission of Cybercrime.
When a person aids or abets another in destroying a forest, his action is essentially physical and so is susceptible to easy assessment as criminal in character.
THE SECRETARY OF JUSTICE, THE SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT, THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF THE INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY OFFICE, THE CHIEF OF THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE AND THE DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION, RESPONDENTS.; G. Aiding or abetting has of course well-defined meaning and application in existing laws.
KATHERINE ELONA OF THE PHILIPPINE COLLEGIAN, ISABELLE THERESE BAGUISI OF THE NATIONAL UNION OF STUDENTS OF THE PHILIPPINES, ET AL., Petitioners, v. OCHOA, JR., IN HIS CAPACITY AS EXECUTIVE SECRETARY AND ALTER-EGO OF PRESIDENT BENIGNO SIMEON AQUINO III, LEILA DE LIMA IN HER CAPACITY AS SECRETARY OF JUSTICE, RESPONDENTS; G. LABOG, CHAIRPERSON OF KILUSANG MAYO UNO, CRISTINA E. HONORABLE PAQUITO OCHOA IN HIS CAPACITY AS EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, HONORABLE LEILA DE LIMA IN HER CAPACITY AS SECRETARY OF JUSTICE, HONORABLE MANUEL ROXAS IN HIS CAPACITY AS SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF INTERIOR AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT, THE CHIEF OF THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE, THE DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (ALL OF THE EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT OF GOVERNMENT), RESPONDENTS.; G. In effect, Section 4(c)(4) above merely affirms that online defamation constitutes similar means for committing libel.
ANTONIO TINIO, VENCER MARI CRISOSTOMO OF ANAKBAYAN, MA. 203407 - BAGONG ALYANSANG MAKABAYAN SECRETARY GENERAL RENATO M. LUMBERA, CHAIRPERSON OF CONCERNED ARTISTS OF THE PHILIPPINES, ELMER C. QUAN (ALL OF THE ATENEO HUMAN RIGHTS CENTER), Petitioners, v. 203453 - NATIONAL UNION OF JOURNALISTS OF THE PHILIPPINES (NUJP), PHILIPPINE PRESS INSTITUTE (PPI), CENTER FOR MEDIA FREEDOM AND RESPONSIBILITY, ROWENA CARRANZA PARAAN, MELINDA QUINTOS-DE JESUS, JOSEPH ALWYN ALBURO, ARIEL SEBELLINO AND THE PETITIONERS IN THE E-PETITION HTTP://WWW. Indeed, cyberlibel is actually not a new crime since Article 353, in relation to Article 355 of the penal code, already punishes it.
THE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, THE SECRETARY OF JUSTICE, THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT, THE SECRETARY OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT, THE DIRECTOR GENERAL OF THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE, THE DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION, THE CYBERCRIME INVESTIGATION AND COORDINATING CENTER, AND ALL AGENCIES AND INSTRUMENTALITIES OF GOVERNMENT AND ALL PERSONS ACTING UNDER THEIR INSTRUCTIONS, ORDERS, DIRECTION IN RELATION TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF REPUBLIC ACT NO. The Court agrees with the Solicitor General that libel is not a constitutionally protected speech and that the government has an obligation to protect private individuals from defamation.
Verily, not only was there malice in law, the article being malicious in itself, but there was also malice in fact, as there was motive to talk ill against complainants during the electoral campaign. Thus, petitioner cannot, by simply making a general denial, convince us that there was no malice on her part. Thus: It can be gleaned from her testimony that petitioner had the motive to make defamatory imputations against complainants. As it happens, Article 361 recognizes truth as a defense but under the condition that the accused has been prompted in making the statement by good motives and for justifiable ends. In such cases if the defendant proves the truth of the imputation made by him, he shall be acquitted.
But General Comment 34 does not say that the truth of the defamatory statement should constitute an all-encompassing defense. Proof of the truth of an imputation of an act or omission not constituting a crime shall not be admitted, unless the imputation shall have been made against Government employees with respect to facts related to the discharge of their official duties.
Actually, the Court found the presence of malice in fact in that case.