Upanishads dating dating en language language nederland nl nl site


23-Apr-2020 00:22

There are differences within manuscripts of the same Upanishad discovered in different parts of South Asia, differences in non-Sanskrit version of the texts that have survived, and differences within each text in terms of meter, style, grammar and structure.The existing texts are believed to be the work of many authors.The concepts of Brahman (ultimate reality) and Ātman (soul, self) are central ideas in all of the Upanishads, and "know that you are the Ātman" is their thematic focus.Along with the Bhagavad Gita and the Brahmasutra, the mukhya Upanishads (known collectively as the Prasthanatrayi) provide a foundation for the several later schools of Vedanta, among them, two influential monistic schools of Hinduism.Radhakrishnan states, "almost all the early literature of India was anonymous, we do not know the names of the authors of the Upanishads".The ancient Upanishads are embedded in the Vedas, the oldest of Hinduism's religious scriptures, which some traditionally consider to be apauruṣeya, which means "not of a man, superhuman" and "impersonal, authorless".The Shvetashvatara Upanishad, for example, includes closing credits to sage Shvetashvatara, and he is considered the author of the Upanishad.Many scholars believe that early Upanishads were interpolated and expanded over time.

The various philosophical theories in the early Upanishads have been attributed to famous sages such as Yajnavalkya, Uddalaka Aruni, Shvetaketu, Shandilya, Aitareya, Balaki, Pippalada, and Sanatkumara.Arthur Schopenhauer was deeply impressed by the Upanishads and called it "the production of the highest human wisdom".



Talking to a stranger can be of great value and a good way to pass your time with not requiring you to login or sign up.… continue reading »


Read more

You may now see our list and photos of women who are in your area and meet your preferences.… continue reading »


Read more